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  • OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING - Anglo American Platinum

    • Process mixed low grade conc. matte converting • Refractory conc. penalties: c. 15% MgO, 2-6% Cr 2 O 3 • High temperature capability > 1400°C • Mixed low grade, solid • Refractoriness capability (0.5-5% Cr 2 O 3) • High process temperature capability > 1300°C • Sulphur fixation • Whole/Slow-cool matte leach capability • Ni/Cu/Co & PGM separation capability • Suitable

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  • Extraction of Copper - YouTube

    08.12.2014· The Mining Process at Copper Mountain Mine - Duration: 7:13. CopperMountainMining 252,406 views. 7:13. Chemistry Extraction of Iron in Blast furnace - eGogy - Duration: 3:05.

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  • COPPER Copper production - Repository

    The reverberatory furnace dominated copper matte smelting for much of the 1900s, because it was an excellent process for smelting fine concentrate from flotation. It is a fossil fuel fired hearth furnace for smelting concentrate and producing copper matte. The reverbs began to decline in the 1970s with the adoption of environmentally and energetically superior processes like flash smelting

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  • ASARCO » Smelting

    The matte is tapped from a hole near the bottom of the furnace and poured into a huge ladle. An overhead crane picks up the ladle and pours the molten matte into another type of furnace called a converter.Even though it is more than 50 percent copper, if cooled now the metal would be silvery in color because of the relatively high iron content

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  • OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING - Anglo American Platinum

    • Process mixed low grade conc. matte converting • Refractory conc. penalties: c. 15% MgO, 2-6% Cr 2 O 3 • High temperature capability > 1400°C • Mixed low grade, solid • Refractoriness capability (0.5-5% Cr 2 O 3) • High process temperature capability > 1300°C • Sulphur fixation • Whole/Slow-cool matte leach capability • Ni/Cu/Co & PGM separation capability • Suitable

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  • Copper Mining and Processing: Processing of

    Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore (less than 1% copper) and ends with sheets of 99.99% pure copper called cathodes, which will ultimately be made into products for everyday use.The most common types of ore, copper oxide and copper sulfide, undergo two different processes, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy, respectively, due to the different

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  • Platinum is produced in South Africa by Amplats,

    In this process, the converter matte (consisting predominantly of nickel, copper, and sulphur, together with minor amounts of iron, and trace quantities of PGMs) is chill-cast into 30-ton ingots in refractory-lined moulds in the ground, covered with a lid for about a day, and cooled for approximately five days.

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  • Copper - Wikipedia

    Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity.A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange color.Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling

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  • High Quality (and Safe) Copper Plating : 8 Steps

    The title "High Quality (and Safe) Copper Plating" is referring more to the fact that you don't need to play with insanely powerful acids that will burn your skin or ask you to open batteries. In the concentrations we will be working with, the process is fairly safe. However, do NOT drink the solution and be sure to wash your hands after

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  • Copper mining. The main stages. -

    Roll your cursor over the steps in the diagram to see a summary of each one. Click to find out more. Mining: The ore is removed from the ground in either open pit or underground mines. The ore: An ore is a rock that contains enough metal to make it worthwhile extracting. The main copper ores are: chalcopyrite bornite malachite. Grinding: The ore is crushed then ground into powder

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  • Environmental Guidelines for Copper Smelting

    particulate matter are copper and iron oxides. Other copper and iron compounds as well as sulfides, sulfates, oxides, chlorides and/or fluorides of arsenic, antimony, cadmium, lead, mercury and zinc may also be present. Mercury can also be present in metallic form. At higher temperatures, mercury and arsenic could be present in vapor form. Leaching processes will generate acid vapors while

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  • Recovery of cobalt, nickel, and copper from slags,

    Mintek has developed a leaching process that solubilizes the nickel, copper, and cobalt, while rejecting the iron and any sulphur into the solid residue (by decreasing the pH appropriately). The resulting solution can be processed further to separate the cobalt, nickel, and copper from each other via conventional technology. Mintek has also developed direct solvent extraction of cobalt from

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  • Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

    Cement copper 1 (85-90% Cu) Matte (50-75% Cu) II I Converting i Anode refining and casting I I I Anodes (99.5% Cu) I Cathodes (99.99+% Cu) SOURCE: Office of Technology Assessment. opment of the mines of Cumberland and North Wales. When the Remans left Britain early in the 5th century, however, economic development stagnated and it was a thousand years or more before Britain's

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  • I. PRINCIPLES OF EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY

    Ellingham Diagrams (AG vs. T plots), which are available for oxides, sulphides, chlorides etc serve as a fundamental guide in predicting the relative stability of compounds. Based on these diagrams, selection of reduction, reduction temperature, equilibrium partial pressures, can be indicated. Similarly, slag atlases are available for most common slag systems. Matte (liquid mixture of

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  • Copper Mining and Production Processes

    Processes: copper mining and production. Copper is found in natural ore deposits around the world. This page explains copper mining: the production route taken from ore-containing rock to a final product that is the highest-purity commercial metal in existence and used in a wide variety of applications essential to modern living. Copper minerals. Copper minerals are found throughout the earth

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  • Electrorefining of Copper

    The process for electrorefining copper is typical of those carried out in aqueous solution. The electrolyte is copper sulfate (0.7 molar) and sulfuric acid (2 molar) and the way in which the purification of the copper occurs can be seen by considering the metals likely to be found. as impurities : 3) Ag, Au and Pt are more noble than copper and therefore will not dissolve anodically. They will

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  • Copper Mining and Production Processes

    Processes: copper mining and production. Copper is found in natural ore deposits around the world. This page explains copper mining: the production route taken from ore-containing rock to a final product that is the highest-purity commercial metal in existence and used in a wide variety of applications essential to modern living. Copper minerals. Copper minerals are found throughout the earth

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  • Copper-Nickel Alloys: Properties, Processing,

    Copper-Nickel Alloys: Properties, Processing, Applications. Source: German Copper Institute (DKI) 1. General information on Cu-Ni alloys. 1.1 Historical; 1.2 The Cu-Ni equilibrium diagram; 1.3 Effect of alloying elements; 1.4 Cu-Ni alloys in EN standards; 1.5 Comparison between related material designations in different countries; 2. Properties

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  • Copper Smelting - an overview | ScienceDirect

    Copper smelting plants separate elemental copper from copper concentrates through multiple sulphide oxidizing stages. The considered smelting process includes a continuously functioning flash smelting furnace (FSF) and several Pierce-Smith converters operated in batches. Automating scheduling provides advisory information to operators. Smelters present a challenging optimization problem where

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  • Copper Mining and Processing: Everything you

    The Copper Mining Process. Once it's located within the earth, copper ore goes through eight stages before the consumer sees it in various products that affect every day life in the home and business. These eight stages include: Mining; Grinding; Concentrating; Roasting; Smelting; Conversion; Anode Casting; Electro-Refining; Documentation of the use of copper dates back to ancient times. The

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copper matte processing diagram

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